Syria has been embroiled in a civil war since 2011, when violence broke out in the wake of uprisings against the government and pro-Assad forces.
Since March 2011 Syria has been torn by violence. In a wave of protests extending the mass revolutions of the Arab Spring in North Africa, Syrians took to the streets to demand more freedoms and constitutional protections from the government of Bashar al-Assad. The protests were violently suppressed and the country divided along religious and political lines. An exodus of refugees has flooded neighboring countries while the international community deliberates peace initiatives.
More than a dozen Kurdish fighters have died in Turkish air raids in Syria and Iraq. The US State Department has said the bombings were not authorized by the international coalition led by Washington.
An IS fighter has been killed in a ground operation in Syria, the US military announced. Close to the IS leadership, Abdurakhmon Uzbeki was linked to an attack on a Turkish nightclub that killed 39 people.