Syria has been embroiled in a civil war since 2011, when violence broke out in the wake of uprisings against the government and pro-Assad forces.
Since March 2011 Syria has been torn by violence. In a wave of protests extending the mass revolutions of the Arab Spring in North Africa, Syrians took to the streets to demand more freedoms and constitutional protections from the government of Bashar al-Assad. The protests were violently suppressed and the country divided along religious and political lines. An exodus of refugees has flooded neighboring countries while the international community deliberates peace initiatives.
Heading home after the Munich Security Conference, political leaders leave behind diverging ideas of how to reduce conflict in the Middle East. With no easy solutions, prospects of peace remain elusive as ever.
Though fewer Syrian refugees are coming to Europe, Filippo Grandi urged the world not to forget their plight. At the Munich Security Conference, he also told DW he hopes the new US administration will continue to provide humaitarian aid.
The Bonn G20 summit is the first meeting of the so-called "like-minded" nations since US President Donald Trump took office in January. European leaders seem cautiously optimistic about upcoming Syrian peace talks.