Germany’s oldest party was founded in 1875, and is described as "center-left". It roots in the 19th century labor movement.
The SPD is the second largest party in terms of voter support, but the largest in terms of membership. Its voter base is the working class in urban areas. SPD icon Willy Brandt was foreign minister in the first "grand coalition" government with the CDU 1966-1969 and then became the first SPD chancellor.
For the first time since Martin Schulz was named as the SPD's candidate for chancellor, the party has lost momentum in an opinion poll. The SPD has dropped one point, while support for the CDU and AfD held steady.
The center-left SPD has been surging in polls since Martin Schulz announced he's running for chancellor, while Merkel's conservatives are losing support. A new poll shows growing SPD support particularly among one group.
The chairman of the Social Democrats (SPD) has said a comprehensive approach to the migrant crisis had to involve the return of refugees to North Africa. His words echoed sentiments made by Germany's interior minister.
SPD candidate Martin Schulz would receive 16 percent more votes than current CDU Chancellor Angela Merkel, a survey showed. The SPD has benefited since Schulz was nominated as the party's candidate for the Chancellery.