Scotland has been part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland since 1707.
But in recent years the Scottish independence movement gained momentum, despite more autonomy gained through devolution.
UK Prime Minister Theresa May was within minutes of securing a stunning victory- winning parliamentary approval to trigger the talks that will lead to Britain’s exit from the European Union. Then the leader of the devolved government of Scotland, Nicola Sturgeon, delivered a blow. Sturgeon called for a second referendum on Scottish independence. From London Stephen Beard reports.
Scottish premier Nicola Sturgeon has warned the UK's constitutional structure would 'shatter beyond repair' if discussions are not held over a second independence vote. A former PM has outlined a 'third option.'
The British Government on Monday evening won final approval from Parliament to trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, which will effectively begin the process of the UK's departure from the EU. Scotland is calling for a second independence referendum.
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has agreed that if Scotland decides on a second independence referendum, it would be "common sense" to hold it in late 2018. The vote is part of a strategy to remain an EU member.