Scotland has been part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland since 1707.
But in recent years the Scottish independence movement gained momentum, despite more autonomy gained through devolution.
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has unveiled proposals to keep Scotland in the European Single Market even if the UK leaves. She said semi-autonomous Scotland had voted to stay in the bloc, and could demand more powers, including allowing fre movement of EU nationals
Much of the salmon on our tables this festive season could come from Norway - or Scotland. But chances are it won't be wild, but farmed. Is this a sustainable way to keep us supplied with healthy fish? Critics aren't so sure. "Living Planet" pays a visit to Scotland to hear both sides of the story. Gudrun Heise presents this report by Gabor Paal.
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has clashed with UK leader Theresa May over Scotland's role in the Brexit negotiations. Britain faces a constitutional challenge with its devolved nations as it prepares to leave the EU.