Scotland has been part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland since 1707.
But in recent years the Scottish independence movement gained momentum, despite more autonomy gained through devolution.
British PM Theresa May has called a snap election for June 8. Pundits say she's keen to shore up support for Britain leaving the EU by seizing on the current weakness of the main opposition Labour party. By holding an early election, she'll avoid going to the polls in 2020, when Britain's negotiations with Brussels over the terms of Brexit may well have stalled. Nik Martin reports.
Scottish bagpipes have been making a comeback with young people. More and more Scottish students are now studying the traditional wind instrument and learning how to produce its strident sounds. Yet few people are left who know how to make true Scottish bagpipes.
Post Brexit the UK is in deep crisis. Scotland, which voted to remain in the EU, is determined to leave the UK through a second referendum. Northern Ireland is seeing calls for a similar split. And the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, which ended 30 years of sectarian conflict in Northern Ireland, guarantees a path to Irish reunification through a referendum process on the issue. Don Duncan reports.