In Italy, African refugees are being exploited as cheap farm labor. Most of these migrants have neither social security nor health insurance. The public prosecutor suspects a new form of organized crime.
Young refugees, including minors, have been lured into prostitution by the security guards hired to protect them. Insiders have told a German public broadcaster that the guards pay high prices for young refugees.
Germany will allocate €120 million to improving the conditions of refugees and migrants stranded in Libya and made vulnerable to enslavement and official violence. The government in Tripoli would administer the funds.
More than 33,000 people have died attempting the perilous journey across the Mediterranean since 2000, according to a UN study. With routes between Turkey and Europe blocked, pressure has increased on the route to Italy.
Many of the children migrants have been subjected to forced labor and prostitution. UN officials have called on the EU to create "protection corridors" for children migrants fleeing to Europe.
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