Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected Pope by the papal conclave in 2013, after his predecessor, Pope Benedict, resigned. He chose his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi.
He was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1936. He became the Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998, and was created a Cardinal in 2001. Francis is the 266th Pope of the Catholic Church, in which capacity he is Bishop of Rome and absolute Sovereign of the Vatican City State. He the first Jesuit Pope, the first Pope from the Americas, and the first non-European Pope since Pope Gregory III in 741. Pope Francis has been noted for his humility, his concern for the poor.
Despite an apology from the president in June, the Mapuche communities of southern Chile have many grievances over their civil rights and control of their ancestral lands. Promised land transfers have been slow.
Pope Francis has sent a message to the InfoMigrants.net portal, a joint project of DW, Italy's ANSA and France's Media Monde. His encouragement came as Austria threatened to activate border controls to block migrants.
The pope and the cardinal clashed over the various reform measures, including the hot-button issue of annulments. Cardinal Müller was also allegedly lax in responding to sex abuse claims brought before the Vatican.
Pope Francis has backed German Chancellor Angela Merkel's fight against climate change during a private audience in the Vatican. The pope also welcomed Merkel's decision to emphasize Africa at the upcoming G20 summit.
After a bus carrying Christians to a monastery was attacked by masked gunmen, Egypt has launched airstrikes against militant bases in Libya. Pope Francis called the attack on the Christians a senseless act of hatred.