Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected Pope by the papal conclave in 2013, after his predecessor, Pope Benedict, resigned. He chose his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi.
He was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1936. He became the Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998, and was created a Cardinal in 2001. Francis is the 266th Pope of the Catholic Church, in which capacity he is Bishop of Rome and absolute Sovereign of the Vatican City State. He the first Jesuit Pope, the first Pope from the Americas, and the first non-European Pope since Pope Gregory III in 741. Pope Francis has been noted for his humility, his concern for the poor.
Speaking before an advisory commission, Pope Francis has addressed the problem of sexual molestation by priests. He said he has learned from his own mistakes in dealing with offenders and called such abuse a "sickness."
Despite an apology from the president in June, the Mapuche communities of southern Chile have many grievances over their civil rights and control of their ancestral lands. Promised land transfers have been slow.