Poland has long had problems finding reliable gas imports - particularly from suppliers in the East. Now the government is turning to the controversial method of fracking to tap shale gas reserves.
The Netherlands has banned fracking until 2020. Over the past several years, a number of other European countries declared a ban on exploiting new natural gas deposits. So, is the apparent European shale gas boom over?
German cabinet has decided to allow shale gas fracking in Germany, but only under strict regulation and for testing purposes. Even so, lawmakers criticized the proposed bill for not being strict enough.
Germany's parliament has begun debate on fracking legislation, with members split on the oil and gas extraction method. Environment Minister Barbara Henricks wants "very strict rules" based on scientific analysis.
The UK has announced it's to set up a wealth fund from the proceeds of the fracking industry. Communities would benefit, but many question whether fossil fuels like shale gas are the way forward. Nicole Goebel reports.