PEGIDA - Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of the Occident (or "West") - is a Dresden-based movement which has been organizing public demonstrations since October 2014.
The group calling itself "Patriotische Europäer gegen die Islamisierung des Abendlandes" was founded by Lutz Bachmann and drew support across the country, with citizens taking to the streets in local marches set up by PEGIDA offshoots. It provoked criticism and major counter-demonstrations as well, often outnumbering the original marchers. Political leaders in Germany, including President Joachim Gauck and Chancellor Angela Merkel, cautioned that PEGIDA protests represented xenophobia and racism. The success of PEGIDA is believed to be rooted in widespread dissatisfaction with immigration policies in Europe, accompanied by a growing alienation towards the political class. PEGIDA has also courted by far the most success in less affluent areas of Germany. This page collates recent DW content with PEGIDA among the keywords.
Hundreds of mostly young, far-right activists marched through Berlin promoting "Europe for Europeans." The group calls itself an "Identitäre Bewegung," identitarian movement, which associates with other far-right and xenophobic groups in Germany and Europe.
The founder of the xenophobic PEGIDA movement must pay 9,600 euros for dubbing refugees "cattle," "garbage" and a "dirty bunch." He has since relocated to Tenerife, where local officials have said he is unwelcome.