Almost two decades after the fall of communism, it seems not all Berliners are happy about the Berlin Wall being confined to the dustbin of history.
The remnants of the Berlin Wall are still a major tourist attraction in the German capital
Every ninth Berliner would prefer the barrier which used to divide and encircle the city was still in place, according to a survey carried out on behalf of Berlin's Free University (FU).
The fall of the Berlin Wall was a unique moment in European history
Professor Oskar Niedermayer, 56, a political scientist at the FU, says that of the 2,000 citizens in Berlin and the surrounding state of Brandenburg who participated in the survey this spring, 11 percent in West Berlin and 12 percent in East Berlin considered it would be better if the Wall was still in place.
While the outcome might be surprising, Niedermayer suggests it is hardly a sensation. Only in East Berlin is there a significant change of attitude to be perceived, with 12 per cent of those asked wishing the Wall was still there, against 7 percent in a 2004 poll.
Nationwide, such sentiment was even more strongly expressed four years ago when surveys by two of Germany's leading research institutes showed 19-21 percent in favour of the Wall.
Prejudices still alive
Today, one part of the Berlin Wall is a backdrop for a beach bar
While fewer people today dispute the causes of German unification, some "Wessis," as West Germans are sometimes called, and "Ossies" (East Germans) still harbour prejudices against people living in the other half of the country, though apparently much less so than in the 1990s.
Then, it was not uncommon for people in the east to feel the former German Democratic Republic had been conquered "colonial style" by West Germany after the communist collapse in 1989-90.
Nowadays, only in fringe areas of Brandenburg are such sentiments occasionally expressed among small minorities, notes the survey. In the west, on the other hand, a cliche often heard is that people in eastern Germany indulge in too much "self-pity."
The survey, conducted for the FU by the Forsa Institute, also points to citizens who were fully integrated into the socialist system and who were born in East Germany before 1973 as being among those most likely to want the Wall back.
Winners and losers
Some Berliners would like to see the Wall back where it once stood
For years after the demise of the Berlin Wall there was discussion in the east and west of Germany about the so-called "winners and losers" of reunification.
In outlying areas of Brandenburg some 19 percent of people surveyed felt they were reunification losers, while 37 percent considered things would be better if the Berlin Wall and the former 1,120-kilometre inner-German border, once separating East from West Germany, had remained.
Only 3 percent of people in these parts regarded themselves as reunification "winners."
The dismantling of the Berlin Wall first began on the historic night of Nov. 9, 1989 to allow the ebullient masses to pass through to the west. But it was not until later in 1990 that the task of tearing down the barrier began in earnest.
The Berlin government is planning to extend the Wall Memorial site on Bernauer Strasse
Army units set about demolishing 300 watchtowers, thousands of lamp posts and more than 80 kilometres of metal fencing from around the city barrier. Later a private company called Ava was called in to remove 160,000 tons of still remaining concrete from around Berlin alone.
At a glittering auction in Monaco in June 1990 segments of the Wall were sold, fetching a fortune. Successful buyers included cognac heiress Ljilijiana Hennessy and Jaguba Rizzoli, the widow of an Italian publisher.
Later, several Japanese entrepreneurs also arrived to buy graffiti-decorated slabs of the barrier.
Winston Churchill's grand-daughter also acquired eight pieces of the Wall, which were later displayed in the park of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, where Churchill made his famous "Iron Curtain" speech some 60 years ago.
Tourists can't get enough of the Wall
But where is it?
A common complaint of Berlin tourists today is that there are few visible traces of the Wall to be seen anymore. Centrally, only the Checkpoint Charlie Museum, with its history of daring Wall escapes still operates, attracting tens of thousands visitors annually.
Aware of foreign criticism on this point the Berlin authorities now plan to extend the 1.3-kilometer long Wall Memorial site on the city's Bernauer Strasse, where once the barrier cut off people living in houses on one side of the street from those on the other.
A spectacular new Wall Info pavilion will open there in late 2009 when the 20th anniversary of the barrier's downfall will be celebrated.