The smaller, northern segment of Ireland, the North Atlantic island. Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom. Site of decades of conflict between British loyalists and Irish republicans, it has calmed of late.
The capital city, Belfast, is also the seat of Northern Ireland's government. Politically, the country was dominated for decades by the violence known as "The Troubles," between predominantly Catholic Irish republicans and predominantly Protestant British loyalists. Since the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, a power-sharing system of government designed to guarantee legislative power to both sides of the argument, the fighting has broadly subsided. Some isolated incidents of violence continue, however. The Sinn Fein political party is the country's leading republican power, the Unionist Party stands for continued UK membership. This page collates recent DW content concerning Northern Ireland.
The president of the Irish republican party Sinn Fein, Gerry Adams, has been replaced by his deputy, Mary Lou McDonald. The move marks the party's break with links to the IRA, which waged a long and bloody insurgency.
Brexit threatens the peace in Northern Ireland, says Jonathan Powell, one of the architects of the peace process. The UK's recent agreement with the EU has not solved the problem of the Irish border, he tells DW.
The EU and the UK say there will be no hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland after Brexit. While some call it kicking the can down the road... the agreement against a hard border will be a relief to the thousands who cross that line every day to work and do business.
In the wake of a collapsed deal, Britain's chief negotiator said there will be no special status for Northern Ireland. A "hard border" dividing the island of Ireland would have a profound political and economic impact.