The Republic of Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus. It borders both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras
Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Since then, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, and economic crisis. This led to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 70s. Today, Nicaragua is a representative democratic republic.
The call by UN human rights officials came after the death toll in anti-government protests rose by three more students. Some 47 people have been killed while demanding justice from Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega.
Coffee is one of Nicaragua’s most important export goods. At the National Coffee School students learn everything about coffee, from planting to processing and methods of sustainable cultivation. Global market prices are low, and coffee with a sustainability label yields higher prices.
The International Court of Justice has ordered Nicaragua to compensate neighbor Costa Rica for damaging protected wetlands. The ruling is the top UN court's first foray into assessing costs for environmental damage.