Nazism refers to the racist, anti-Semitic brand of fascism of the NSDAP regime in Germany. Adolf Hitler's Nazis came to power in 1933, ruling until 1945. DW looks at Nazism in history and more recent cases of neo-Nazis.
Nazism or National Socialism is a racist and anti-Semitic form of fascism associated with Adolf Hitler and the German Nazi Party. It was the Nazis and their theories of racial superiority that led to the mass murder of millions of Jews in the Holocaust. Following Germany's defeat in World War II, expressions of support for the Nazis as well as the display of their symbols were prohibited by law in Germany. Nonetheless, far-right political groups continue to exist on the fringes of society, often identifying with Hitler and National Socialism, or espousing racist or xenophobic beliefs. Recent DW content on either historical Nazism or modern-day neo-Nazism are collated on this page.
75 years ago, the Nazis began deporting Jews to death camps. The infamous Track 17 at Berlin's Grunewald station was the departure point. Contemporary witness, Horst Selbiger, shares his memories of the "shipments."
Before World War Two, a third of Warsaw’s population were Jews, most of whom were killed by the Nazis. Since the fall of communism the families of survivors have been trying to claim their property back. But successive Polish governments have done little to accommodate their demands. From Warsaw Julian Berner files this report.