Monarch butterfly numbers decline for second year in a row | Environment| All topics from climate change to conservation | DW | 06.03.2018
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insects

Monarch butterfly numbers decline for second year in a row

The iconic monarch butterfly travels thousands of miles south to overwinter in Mexico. But factors including the changing climate are challenging its existence — new figures show it's declined 15 percent from last year.

The monarch butterfly embarks on an impressive migration every year. But for the second year in a row, its numbers are declining — figures from an official Mexican government count in the winter of 2017 indicate a decrease of 14.7 percent from the year before. Apart from partial rebounds in the winters of 2001 and 2003, numbers have gone down steadily since 1996.

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Mexico: The Myth of the Monarch Butterfly

Storms and intense hurricane seasons disrupt the insect's routes and fell trees they rely upon for shelter. A wind storm and cold snap in March 2016 devastated the core of the butterfly reserve in Mexico. The massive overwintering colony was only discovered in 1975.

Pesticides used in the US also harm milkweeds, a plant intertwined with the monarch butterflies' life cycles. The US has set up some programs to help the monarch butterfly population grow again.

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