Merkel′s mooted health minister Jens Spahn criticized over poverty remarks | News | DW | 13.03.2018
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Merkel's mooted health minister Jens Spahn criticized over poverty remarks

Denying poverty in Germany has prompted a backlash against its designated health minister, Jens Spahn. The uproar over Chancellor Angela Merkel's nominee emerged as her grand coalition signed its long-pending deal.

Jens Spahn (L) standing in conversation with Merkel whose back is towards the photographer at last year's CDU party conference in Essen, Germany. (picture-alliance/dpa/M. Kappeler)

Avowed conservative Spahn with Merkel at last December's CDU conference in Essen

Spahn, a key Merkel critic among her Christian Democrats (CDU), was told publicly Monday by Merkel's newly recruited CDU secretary general Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer that the well-paid could not judge welfare recipients.

"I always warn that … people like him and me who earn well should not try to explain how people who receive Hartz IV should feel," Kramp-Karrenbauer said on public ZDF television, adding that she knew people in such situations.

Kramp-Karenbauer speaks to reports at CDU party congress (picture-alliance/dpa/W. Kumm)

Rap for Spahn from Kramp-Karenbauer

Read more: Merkel's coalition partners sign deal - what's in it?

"Hartz IV" is a German euphemism for basic welfare payouts made via local authorities to persons such as single parents, the infirm and the long-term jobless. It was devised around 2002 by a government-appointed commission led by former Volkswagen manager Peter Hartz.

'Major ignorance'

Spahn, 37, had told the Berliner Zeitung newspaper that no one must go hungry in Germany — even if they are not dependent on its 930 charitable food outlets— claiming that Hartz IV made Germany "one of the best social welfare systems in the world."

Spahn had exhibited "major ignorance" of how Germany's minimum welfare rates were calculated, said Annelie Buntenbach, deputy chairwoman of Germany's DGB trade union federation.

Annelie Buntenbach holding a microphone (picture-alliance/dpa/B. Pedersen)

Spahn mocking eight million, says Buntenbach

"If Jens Spahn reckons that everyone receives what they need, then that's a mockery of the eight million people left to live on the far-too-low rates" below Germany's official poverty threshold, said Buntenbach.

The calculations were based on only 12 households surveyed as reference samples and the outcomes were like "a toss of the dice," she added.

The German DBfK nursing care federation said Germany's welfare pay rates must be raised to levels to ensure recipients' participation in day-to-day community life.

Shortened lifespans

"On Hartz IV one cannot live with dignity in such a rich society as Germany," Cologne-based poverty researcher Christoph Butterwegge told the business newspaper Handelsblatt on Tuesday.

As future health minister, Spahn had a responsibility to the poorest, whose lifespans on average were 11 and 8 years shorter for men and women respectively, Butterwegge said.  

Germany's constitutional court ruled in 2010 that welfare grants must not only cover physical needs but also ensure societal participation, such as child visits to the cinema, sports clubs and music tuition.

Read more - Unemployed in Germany have greatest risk of poverty in the EU

Tackling poverty, coalition aim

Lars Klingbeil, secretary general of the center-left Social Democrats, who on Monday signed up to four more years with Merkel's conservatives, said their coalition had specifically agreed to tackle poverty among children and the elderly.

"Mr. Spahn apparently didn't pay enough attention during the coalition negotiations," Klingbeil said.

SPD politician Lars Klingbeil (picture-alliance/dpa/K. Nietfeld)

Study the text, Klingbeil tells Spahn

"We talked explicitly about the fact that there are people in our country who are not doing well," Klingbeil added. "That's what we want to tackle."

Christian Bäumler, chairman of the CDU workers' movement told the Handelsblatt newspaper: "Jens Spahn has lost contact with reality."

Katja Kipping, co-chairperson of the Left party, said Spahn's utterances reflected a "stomping on those below" mentality in government circles.

Greens' co-leader, Robert Habeck, said existential fears and humiliation felt by recipients were "real — often not despite but because of Harz IV."

Calculated rates

But Christian Lindner, the leader of the pro-business liberal Free Democrats (FDP),  came to Spahn's defense.

Close-up of Peter Hartz (AP)

Welfare system's name-giver - Peter Hartz

Although welfare recipients were not in living situations that "one could describe as comfortable" the rates were calculated livable minimums, Lindner claimed.

Alexander Gauland, a former CDU functionary and now co-leader of the populist far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) said Spahn would not have been designated as health minister "if his views weren't resonating in the CDU."

Merkel and her designated conservative and Social Democrat Cabinet ministers are due to be inaugurated on Wednesday — six months after Germany's federal election on September 23.

ipj/kms (Reuters, AFP, KNA, epd)
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