Libya lies in the Maghreb region of northern Africa and borders the Mediterranean Sea. Since 2011 the Country has experienced political instability.
Muammar Gaddafi was one of the conspirators who overthrew the country's king in a military coup in 1969. He in turn was overthrown during the Libyan Civil War of 2011, in which the rebels were supported by NATO. Libya has a population of six million; it's largest city and capital is Tripoli. This is a compilation of DW content on Libya.
Despite continued unrest, Italy has said it will reopen its embassy in Libya in a move that shows "confidence in the process of stabilizing" the country. The two states will also cooperate to stem the flow of migrants.
Officials in Tunisia estimate that 3,000 Tunisians have joined jihadist groups in Syria, Iraq and neighboring Libya. The United Nations puts the figure at 5,000. In the capital Tunis, people turned out to demonstrate amid fears that the fighters have returned home, bringing violence with them.
Niger has become a classic transit country for refugees from west Africa on their way to Europe. Via bus stations in Mali and the north of Niger, migrants pay smugglers to help them get to Libya and finally reach the Mediterranean coast. But recently, an increasing number of migrants on the journey have been turning around and heading home.