France's president holds an emergency meeting after the far-right National Front triumphs in EU elections. Party leader Marine Le Pen celebrates victory for the 'sovereign people of France.'
Socialist President Francois Hollande urgently met with his ministers Monday after the anti-immigration National Front (FN) party swept to victory in the EU parliamentary elections.
The FN won almost a quarter of the vote and will take 24 of France's 74 European Parliament seats, on a turnout of just over 43 percent. The center-right UMP, supposedly the main opposition party, came in second with 20.8 percent while Hollande's Socialists won just under 14 percent in their worst ever score at a European election.
Le Pen promptly described the vote as support for her motto "France for the French." The result was the highest score ever obtained in a nationwide election by the FN, following breakthrough gains in local elections earlier in the year.
Moving into the mainstream
The victory shook mainstream parties on the left and right in a country struggling with high unemployment and economic stagnation. Manuel Valls, the Socialist prime minister, called the results "a shock, an earthquake." Jean-Francois Cope, the UMP leader, spoke of a "great disappointment."
Members of government swiftly brushed aside Le Pen's calls for rapid resignations and for Hollande to dissolve the National Assembly.
The National Front currently has only two deputies and struggles to make an impact in the assembly. But since Marine Le Pen, 45, took over from her father, Jean-Marie Le Pen, in 2011, the once-pariah party has been winning in its battle to be accepted as part of the mainstream.
Its bigger presence in the European Parliament will add clout to Le Pen's drive for greater acceptance on her intended route to the presidency.
Charming the working class
The FN's resurgence has been attributed to the appeal of its stance against immigration and Europe at a time of record high unemployment and falling living standards for many working and middle class voters.
Observers noted that the FN won its best scores Sunday among the working class, unemployed and low-paid employees, but that a large majority of those same categories also abstained.
Less than a quarter of under-35s voted compared with 60 percent of the over-60s, according to the Ipsos polling agency. The FN has also benefited from widespread disillusionment with the mainstream parties.
Sunday's result left those parties with major challenges before the 2017 presidential elections.UMP leader Cope, who claimed victory in a contested party leadership election, may well find it hard to keep his job.
Hollande in trouble
Even before the result, President Hollande had broken polling records under France's Fifth Republic as the country's most unpopular president. He reshuffled the cabinet in March after poor local-election results, appointing Manuel Valls as prime minister.
Despite the latest blow, Valls said the results demonstrated the need to accelerate political and economic reforms.
"We have to go faster in reforming France, because there is not one minute to lose," he said.
The FN victory led an anti-EU breakthrough by parties across Europe, with eurosceptic parties set to win around 140 seats in the 751-seat European Parliament.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang is set to begin a three-day visit to France after promising to invest more in the EU. He is also due to outline Chinese carbon emission cuts seen as crucial for Paris' UN climate summit.
The president of the European Commission has made a last-ditch offer of aid to Greece in an effort to head off a looming default. Meanwhile, Greece's finance minister has threatened legal action against the EU.
Alexis Tsipras has urged his fellow Greeks to vote against a bailout package proposed by Athens' international creditors. Greece faces a Tuesday deadline to repay 1.6 billion euros to the IMF or will be in default.
The government in Athens has closed all banks in Greece for at least one week and cash withdrawals for Greek customers are limited to 60 Euro per day. But how will these measures affect tourists?