The Kurdish people are an ethnic Group inhabiting an area across parts of Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria.
According to various estimates around 30 Million Kurds live worldwide, a majority of them in Turkey. Recent emigration took over a Million to Western countries. Around 700,000 of them live in Germany.
The Kurdish enclave of Afrin in Syria is under attack by Turkey. According to a Kurdish affairs expert, because Kurds can't rely on foreign powers, they have allied with the Assad regime purely out of self-defense.