The Kurdish people are an ethnic Group inhabiting an area across parts of Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria.
According to various estimates around 30 Million Kurds live worldwide, a majority of them in Turkey. Recent emigration took over a Million to Western countries. Around 700,000 of them live in Germany.
Iraq's peshmerga has paused its advance on Mosul after capturing a handful of villages from the so-called "Islamic State" (IS). The Iraqi army is pressing on with day two of the operation to retake Iraq's second city.
The families of the forcibly disappeared in Turkey have gathered for a symbolic 600th time demanding justice. The Saturday Mothers movement is one of the longest running civil disobedience campaigns in the country.
In Turkey, unrest and trouble appears to be fermenting. Following the failed coup attempt in July, the government has invoked an emergency power law, under which judges, lawyers, teachers and journalists have been taken into custody. Now it has extended to the pro-Kurdish movement and it is fanning inter-ethnic tensions to a dangerous level.
Three Turkish soldiers have been killed in a rocket attack by militants of the "Islamic State" (IS) group in northern Syria. They were the first deaths to be directly blamed on IS in the Turkish cross-border incursion.