Jihad is an Arabic word that means striving or struggling with a praiseworthy aim. The term has been used by terrorist groups in connection with their attacks on Western societies.
The word jihad appears frequently in the Quran with and without military connotations. In Islamic law, the term refers to armed struggle against unbelievers. But it in a religious content it can have a different shade of meaning, such as struggle against one's evil inclinations, or efforts toward the moral betterment of society. The term jihad is often rendered in English as "Holy War – but this translation is controversial. Here you can find an automatic compilation of all DW English language content referring to the term.
Many European countries are on high alert after a spate of deadly attacks linked to "Islamic State." The terror group is waging a violent insurgency in the Middle East and has also had some success recruiting Muslims in Europe to its cause. But, as Kerry Skyring reports from Vienna, some young Austrians are fighting back - literally.
2015's shootings across Paris proved a wake up call for one young French Muslim, Mohamed Chirani. He is studying Islamic theology, is the author of a series of web lectures on theology and the author of a book calling French Muslims to embrace both their nationality and their faith. He has now launched what he calls "Spiritual Jihad" against what he believes is the warped theology of IS.