Islam is a monotheistic religion. Its adherents are called Muslims, most of which are either Sunni (75 to 90 percent) or Shia (10 to 20 percent).
The Koran is its main religious text. The sunnah, comprising accounts called hadith of the prophet Muhammad, are also followed by most Muslims. About 13 percent of Muslims live in Indonesia, 25 percent in South Asia, 20 percent in the Middle East and 15 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa. This page is an automatic compilation of DW content.
Islam is Italy's second largest religion but it isn't formally recognized there. That could be about to change thanks to a pact signed by the government and eleven Muslim organizations. It's called the 'National Pact for an Italian Islam'. It's designed to facilitate the recognition of Islam, promote transparency, mutual respect and prevent radicalization. Angelo Van Schaik reports from Rome.
The EU's highest court has ruled that companies can ban staff from wearing Islamic headscarves and other visible religious symbols under certain conditions. Rightwing politicians have welcomed the ruling, but human rights groups have condemned it. Including the European Network against Racism. Its Senior Advocacy Officer is Julie Pascoet, so did the ruling suprise her?