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Global 3000

Iraq: The Cradle of Civilisation

The West sees Iraq as a country in chaos, devastated by war. But there’s another side to it. It’s home to vast wetlands - believed to be the original Garden of Eden - drained and turned into desert by Saddam Hussein. Efforts to restore them began in 2003.

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But the wetlands are now once again threatened, this time by a major Turkish dam project on the upper reaches of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Locals fear for their livelihoods and environmental activists are concerned that a unique ecosystem will be irreversibly destroyed.