Iran is the 18th-largest country in the world, has around 80 million inhabitants and it is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations.
Iran is the only country that has both a Caspian Sea and an Indian Ocean coastline. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz gives it special geostrategic importance.There are around 120,000 Iranians living in Germany with Hamburg as the main center of the Iranian diaspora.
The Trump administration has sanctioned 18 individuals and entities alleged to have supported Iran's ballistic missile program. A day earlier, the US affirmed that Iran was complying with its nuclear agreement.
Qatar is the world's top producer of liquefied natural gas. The country's production easily outpaces competitors Malaysia and Australia, at 77 million tons a year. And the small Arab country intends to increase output to 100 million tons annually over the next few years.
Visa applicants from six Muslim-majority countries must prove close family or business ties to the United States. The new guidelines come days after the US Supreme Court reinstated parts of Donald Trump's travel ban.