India is the seventh-largest country and the second-most populous in the world. Following market-based reforms it has become a "newly industrialised country."
The newly formed Republic of India was one of first nations to end the State of War with Germany after World War II and did not claim war reparations from Germany although 24,000 soldiers serving in the British Indian Army died in the campaign to fight Nazi Germany. India maintained diplomatic relations with both West Germany and East Germany and supported their reunification in 1990.
On this week's show we head deep into Chile's copper mines, speak with Israel's first female judge and consider how to explain terrorism to children. We also look at extremism in Morocco and meet the man helping victims of Islamic State. Finally, we find out what's causing violence related to cows in India.
The Pakistani army has recanted its statement on a "Dawn Leaks" civilian-military rift that purportedly undermined the premier's authority. Pro-democracy groups say it's a rare victory for Sharif over the army generals.