India is the seventh-largest country and the second-most populous in the world. Following market-based reforms it has become a "newly industrialised country."
The newly formed Republic of India was one of first nations to end the State of War with Germany after World War II and did not claim war reparations from Germany although 24,000 soldiers serving in the British Indian Army died in the campaign to fight Nazi Germany. India maintained diplomatic relations with both West Germany and East Germany and supported their reunification in 1990.
After an appeal from two Rohingya, India's top court is considering PM Narendra Modi's plan to deport some 40,000 Rohingya in India. The government said intelligence data showed links between some Rohingya and terrorism.
Some 44 contestants are participating in by-elections to be held in Lahore, Pakistan to fill ousted PM Nawaz Sharif's empty seat. One of the contestants has links to a group that the US and India hold responsible for the 2008 Mumbai attacks.