German Chancellor Angela Merkel's ruling coalition has unveiled new far-reaching rules to head off powerful foreign-owned state-controlled funds going on a shopping spree for companies in Europe's biggest economy.
Some worry that the plans will drive away foreign investors
Of particular concern to Merkel's conservative Christian Democrat-led coalition is the threat posed to key German industries, such as telecoms, banks and energy sectors, by cash-rich state funds from Russia, the Middle East and China, so-called sovereign wealth funds.
The proposals, which were unveiled on Wednesday, Aug. 20, and still need parliamentary approval, will mean moves from non-European Union controlled investment groups or companies to buy a stake of 25 percent or more in strategic parts of German industry can in future be blocked.
"The majority of foreign investments won't be affected by the draft law," said Economy Minister Michael Glos setting out details of the proposals. "Germany is and remains open to foreign investments."
Public order and security
The law is aimed at sensitive sectors such as the energy supply
Based on a US model, Germany's plans could lead to further attempts across the 27-member EU aimed at blocking foreign investment incursions into sensitive industries. Under Germany's proposals, "public order and security" the principal criteria for triggering a review of foreign groups' investment plans.
But Berlin's drive to enhance government regulation of the push by investment funds operated by foreign governments into corporate Germany has set the alarm bells ringing in German business.
"Foreign investment brings many advantages such as economic growth, employment and as a result rising living standards," said the general secretary of Germany's International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), Angelika Pohlenz.
She said that the plan to regulate foreign investors could lead to lower foreign investment in Germany and trigger limits on German investment in other parts of the world.
Business leaders say Germany should roll out the red carpet for investors
The ICC's concerns were echoed across German business with the chief of the nation's influential Federation of German Industry (BDI), Werner Schnappauf saying Berlin's new laws sent "the wrong signal for Germany as a place to invest."
"As the world's leading export nation and a key source of foreign investment, Germany is heavily dependent on open markets," said Schnappauf, adding that foreign investment underpinned more than 2 million jobs in Europe's biggest economy.
A report prepared by the investment house Morgan Stanley estimated that the state funds could already control up to $2.5 trillion (1.7 trillion euros) worldwide, building to $12 trillion by 2015.
Last year, the Chinese government acquired a 10-percent stake in the US private equity house Blackstone, which has a key holding in German-based Deutsche Telekom AG, Europe's biggest phone company.
This followed moves by Russian state bank VTB to carve an interest in Europe's sensitive aeronautic and defense sector by seeking out a stake in the European Aeronautic Defense and Space group (EADS), which is the parent company of the European aircraft maker Airbus.
Hard to control?
At the same time, Berlin has spearheaded a push to ensure greater transparency of the international hedge-fund industry, despite the reluctance of both Britain and the US to take action to monitor the $1.4-trillion business.
Under the German government's plans, investors would have to get approval from the government when purchasing more than 25 percent of a major German company. The economics ministry will have up to three months to look at the purchase and an additional two months to decide whether to veto it. But analysts said that the risk is that foreign state funds could use groups based in other parts of the EU to move in on key German corporations.