More than ever, the German public's distaste for military intervention abroad is shaping policy.
US President Barack Obama spoke by phone with German Chancellor Angela Merkel about the recent refugee crisis and said he appreciates her recent decision to ease the asylum application procedure for Syrians.
Far-right protesters have jeered German Chancellor Angela Merkel as she arrived at a refugee center in Heidenau. Merkel had previously criticized the xenophobic protests against migrants in this small town.
Record numbers of asylum seekers have arrived in southern Germany, including Munich where volunteers rushed to help. Protests erupted at a Hungary train station after authorities stopped people heading to western Europe.
Violent conflicts are spreading throughout the Middle East. Germany is working with Egypt, supporting Saudi Arabia and delivering weapons to the peshmerga - but the government opposition in Berlin is critical.