Lacking opportunities at home, many young Africans embark on a difficult journey north to Europe. They hope to get good jobs there. But often they are kidnapped by people smugglers and robbed.
Media reports about alleged migrant slave markets in Libya have resulted in strong reactions across the continent. African politicians demand an investigation and the prosecution of those responsible.
We need to create jobs, help facilitate trade and address the challenges of the Africa of the future, says Donald Yamamoto, who is in charge of African affairs at the US State Department.
The EU's executive has unveiled plans to resettle at least 50,000 refugees, focusing on people from northern Africa, to bypass smugglers. Europe is struggling to distribute thousands of migrants already in the bloc.
The Council of Europe has warned Italy that it risks violating European law if it returns migrants intercepted to Libya. Italy has inked deals with Libyan authorities and militias to stem the migrant flow.
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