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German prosecutors open case against comedian Jan Böhmermann

Prosecutors will decide whether to try to send a German TV presenter to prison for a satirical poem about Turkey's president. In Germany, an exception to speech protections criminalizes insults against foreign leaders.

Jan Böhmermann could face three years in prison for insulting

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan

on the weekly satirical variety show "Neo Magazin Royale." Before reciting his satirical poem on March 31, Böhmermann called it an example of speech that Germany would not permit. He was perhaps more right than he expected.

"It could be a violation of section 103 of the criminal code: insulting organs or representatives of foreign states," prosecution spokesman Gerd Deutschler said on Wednesday.

Prosecutors in the western city of Mainz, where ZDF is based, plan to consult the federal Justice Ministry on whether to launch criminal proceedings in the name of the Turkish state or President Erdogan himself.

Watch video 01:38

Germany says wouldn’t censor Erdogan satire

Investigators said they would order ZDF to provide them with a recording of the poem. Late Wednesday, officials at ZDF said authorities had not yet contacted them about the investigation, and gave no further comment.

Bestiality, racism, porn

On the broadcast, Böhmermann, seated before the Turkish flag and a portrait of Erdogan, accuses the president of, among other things, sex with goats and sheep. Böhmermann also charged that Erdogan loves to "repress minorities, kick Kurds and beat Christians while watching child porn."

About 20 viewers launched complaints after viewing the clip. Angela Merkel criticized the poem as "deliberately offensive" and discussed the matter with Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu on Sunday.

Böhmermann aired the poem after Turkish officials called in Germany's ambassador to protest a satirical song aired elsewhere that had lampooned Erdogan in much tamer language. That two-minute clip, "Erdowie, Erdowo, Erdogan," took aim at the president for his alleged spending excesses and his government's crackdown on civil liberties.

Germany's failure to stand up for free speech in that incident led to allegations that Merkel's government had kowtowed to Erdogan because the European Union needs Turkey to keep refugees from setting sail for the EU across the Aegean Sea.

After officials removed Böhmermann's clip

from the air and internet,

the comedian said he and his employer had "demonstrated the limits of satire in Germany - finally!" Although the clip can still be found through Google, ZDF has combed YouTube to remove links.

Böhmermann became perhaps best known to international audiences last year when

he released an elaborate satire

claiming to have

"Varoufaked" the "stink finger"

of Greece's former finance minister.

On the same episode of "Neo Magazin Royale" last week, Böhmermann debuted a better-received, English-language song

gently mocking the inoffensive politics

of Germany's liberal mainstream.

mkg/jm (Reuters, AFP, dpa, AP)

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