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Europe

France Calls for More European Effort in Fight for Afghanistan

French Defense Minister Herve Morin added his voice to the chorus of unease and frustration over Europe's commitment to military operations in Afghanistan when he called for more troops and the end of national caveats.

Coffins of French soldiers killed in Afghanistan are carried during a funeral ceremony at Les Invalides, in Paris, Thursday, Aug. 21, 2008.

The deaths of ten French soldiers have strengthenend France's resolve in Afghanistan

Limits on troop operations and years of military underspending in Europe were damaging the coalition war effort in Afghanistan, Morin said on Wednesday, Sept. 17, as he called on France's European allies to relax restrictions on troop deployment and operations.

France and the United Kingdom were among the few countries which were backing their commitment to the operation with boots on the ground and the necessary finances to assure a successful outcome, Morin said during a visit to Australia to discuss Afghanistan and boost security cooperation between France and Australia in the South Pacific.

Ambush prompts possible French troop increase

France has 3,300 troops serving in the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan and, after last month's Taliban ambush which killed ten of its soldiers, has said it may send special forces troops back for the first time since 2007.

French Defence Minister Herve Morin

Morin said Europe's weakness was evident

"Most of Europe has made NATO responsible for their security. Therefore, the weakness of Europe is typified by what you see in Afghanistan," Morin told journalists.

One of the major areas of conflict within the coalition is the on-going struggle to get major nations to contribute more to NATO's Afghan force. Increased dangers, a rising death toll and the continued resurgence of the Taliban have added to the strain on those nations with combat troops on the ground and the friction within NATO.

Many NATO countries with troops in Afghanistan, including Germany, have "national caveats" that restrict how their troops may be used, limiting their flexibility. German troops have a reconstruction and security mandate in the north of the country but do not take part in combat operations, a major irritant to countries like the US which have called for the Bundeswehr to engage the enemy in the dangerous southern regions.

Washington's frustration was eloquently verbalized by US Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates last year when he described the problem as a chess game in which one side enjoyed full freedom of movement while the other could only move a single space in a single direction.

Australia critical of Europe's contribution

Afghan President Hamid Karzai gestures during a meeting with Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd in Kabul.

Australian PM Kevin Rudd has pledged his country's support

Australia, an original member of the US-led coalition that arrived in 2001 to topple the Taliban and which has around 1,000 troops in the restive Oruzgan province including special forces, has also been critical of the majority of Europe's involvement.

France's Morin said after his talks with his Australian counterpart Joel Fitzgibbon in Canberra that not even "a cigarette paper in width" separated their views.

"We share the point of view that the effectiveness of the forces in place in Afghanistan depends very heavily on the conditions that are applied for their use. Caveats prevent the best possible application of the forces," he said.

Morin added that "rumors and lies" in media reports, and an "almost obsessive denigration of what is being done on the ground" were also damaging the coalition war effort and eroding public support for the war in western countries.

French, Australian, German ministers plan visit

German Defence Minister Franz Josef Jung talks to German soldiers in Kunduz, Afghanistan on Sept. 2, 2008

Germany's Jung was in Kunduz earlier this month

He also revealed that he and Fitzgibbon, and German Defense Minister Franz Josef Jung, hoped to visit Afghanistan in December to inspect security for themselves.

Jung recently returned from Afghanistan, where he had met with tribal leaders to express his country's sympathy after German troops shot and killed a woman and two children who failed to stop at a roadblock, leading to fears of reprisal attacks.

Last month was the deadliest for foreign troops since the conflict began, according to the independent Web site icasualties.org. Forty-three troops were killed, including the ten French soldiers hit in a single Taliban ambush.

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