But how well Europe's governments have performed in integrating its foreign populations is very much up for debate. Discrimination and inequality is still rampant in many big cities forcing some immigrant communities to turn inward and form the type of ghettos that give conservative politicians and law enforcement fits. The aftermath of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in the United States and the Madrid bombings on March 11 have revealed a Muslim community not without its fundamentalist element. In Germany, the police crackdown on Muslims amid terror fears has accompanied a growing self-awareness within the community. The combination has forced legal and cultural tussles that are forcing German society to re-evaluate its relationship to the country's 3 million strong Muslim community.
In the following dossier, DW-WORLD looks at the growing integration challenge in Germany and the rest of Europe.