The fight against illegal performance enhancing substances has led the World Anti-Doping Agency, WADA, to develop strict rules. But some criminal athletes and doctors make sure to remain one step ahead in the race.
Professional cycling and track and field are among the more notorious sports for doping. And the former East German GDR was famous for encouraging systematic abuse of substances to ensure sporting success. DW coverage related to the topic is collated below.
Every member of Russia's 2014 World Cup football team is under investigation for doping, British newspaper the Mail on Sunday has reported. Russian Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko has vehemently rejected the claims.
Doping, human rights and freedom of the press are among social issues in Russia highlighted by Reinhard Grindel. The president of the German football association also cast doubts on the future of the Confederations Cup.