The influential Polish art-house filmmaker Krzysztof Kieslowski would have turned 75 on June 27. By exploring philosophical issues through complex narrative structures, he managed to gain a wide audience worldwide.
Born in Warsaw on June 27, 1941, Krzysztof Kieslowski started directing documentaries after studying at the renowned film school in Lodz. In these films, he attempted to realistically depict Polish society.
Independent social realism
His early motto - renouncing "the dramaturgy of reality" - already hinted that his main objective was not only to depict everyday life under the communist regime. His documentary exploration of episodes of political unrest in Poland at the end of the 1960s demonstrated more realism than most of the works of his state-loyal colleagues.
In 1976, he directed his first feature film, "The Scar," which featured many of the aspects that would characterize his later works.
Through seemingly simple stories, Kieslowski composed multi-layered cinematographic works filled with social references and philosophical reflections. His films became increasingly complex and demanding - and more and more enigmatic.
He demonstrated that his philosophical approach could still obtain international commercial success with his 10-part series, "The Decalogue," and his "Three Colors" trilogy, the first of which, "Blue," starred Juliette Binoche (first picture in gallery above).
Krzysztof Kieslowski remains one of the world's most influential filmmakers.