Crimea is a peninsula located on the northern coast of the Black Sea. With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Crimea became part of the newly independent Ukraine, leading to tensions with neighboring Russia.
In 1954, Crimea was transferred to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic as a symbolic gesture by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. Following the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Crimea became part of the independent Ukraine. Russia's Black Sea Fleet is stationed in Sevastopol and the southern tip of the peninsula continues to be a Russian stronghold in the region. Throughout the last decades, tensions between the two neighbors have occasionally flared, but nothing like the escalation and mobilization of troops in March 2014. Since then, at least de facto if not de jure, the territory has been under Russian control. Recent DW stories tagged Crimea are collated here.
NATO has welcomed recent dialogue with Russia, but the alliance has serious doubts Moscow is revealing the true extent of its military exercises. Last time this training took place was just before the invasion of Crimea.
After Siemens turbines built by its Russian partners were transferred to Crimea, two more turbines appear to have been delivered without the German firm's knowledge. The case is a test of EU sanctions against Russia.
German engineering firm Siemens has filed lawsuits against its own Russian joint venture that produces gas turbines, and against a Russian state-owned company that buys the turbines. Siemens says at least two of its turbines were transported against its will from Russia to Crimea, a region subject to sanctions barring EU firms from providing it with energy technology.
Siemens will open charges on the "responsible individuals" who shipped turbines to Crimea from Southern Russia. Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak said Moscow will push ahead to construct two plants in the region.