Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps ("Konzentrationslager") throughout the territories it controlled before and during World War II.
The first Nazi camps were erected in Germany in March 1933 to hold and torture political opponents and union organizers. The role of the camps were expanded to holding so-called "racially undesirable elements" of German society, such as Jews, criminals, homosexuals and Roma. The term "concentration camp" is often used to refer to extermination camps, which were established for the industrial-scale mass murder of Jews in gas chambers. The number of people in Nazi concentration camps peaked at 715,000 in January 1945. This is a collection of DW's content on the concentration camps.
Work has commenced on a Holocaust Museum in Thessaloniki, Greece’s second largest city. For more than 400 years, Thessaloniki had a thriving Jewish population, which shaped its identity and culture. Prior to World War Two, Jews made up a quarter of the city’s population. But during the Holocaust, 97 percent of the community died in Nazi concentration camps. Alexia Kalaitzi reports..
The far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) is set to be excluded from a foundation that oversees the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp memorial. The foundation's director told DW the move was "the lesser of two evils."
Anti-Semitism has been the subject of intense debate recently in Germany. Do mandatory visits to concentration camp memorial sites help curb the problem? DW's Daniel Bellut joined students on a school trip to find out.
Politicians from the far-right AfD could soon be represented on a board that oversees former Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen. Survivor groups are appalled. But some observers say excluding the party could backfire.
The Czech government has said it will buy a pig farm at the site of a former Nazi concentration camp. A memorial to honor the hundreds of Roma victims who lost their lives at the camp is to go up in the farm's place.