Communism is a social, political and economic ideology and movement with the ultimate goal of replacing private property with public ownership.
Communism is structured on common ownership of the means of production and natural resources of a society, to replace private property and a private-based economy. French philosopher and writer Victor d'Hupay coined the term in its current meaning in 1777; 16th century English statesman Thomas More is also said to have advocated a form of communism in his book Utopia. In its modern form, communism grew out of the socialist movement in 19th-century Europe.
Cultural events in Poland are commemorating the expulsion 50 years ago of most of the country’s Jews by the then communist regime.The process started in the wake of the 1967 Arab-Israeli war when anti-Semitism in Poland became an official state policy. More than 10,000 Holocaust survivors and their families were stripped of Polish passports. Only a handful have returned. Julian Berner reports.
This week, Hungary welcomed the first Israeli Prime Minister to visit the country since the collapse of communism in 1989. Prime Minister Victor Orban stood alongside Benjamin Netanyahu as he said that his country's collaboration with Nazi Germany during World War II was a "mistake" and a "sin" as it failed to protect its Jewish community. Correspondent Stefan Bos has more about the visit.
A Russian project to remember ordinary victims of Communist terror made its first foray into western Europe this week, when four plaques dedicated to Czechs executed in the 40s and 50s were attached to buildings in Prague showing their last known address. Since the 'Last Address' project began in Russia in 2014, some 500 plaques have been unveiled across the country, with a handful too in Ukraine.