The Chechen Republic, or Chechnya, is a republic of Russia, located in the North Caucasus in the southernmost part of Eastern Europe, and not far from the Caspian Sea. Chechnya's capital is the city of Grozny.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the territory was split into two parts: the Republic of Ingushetia and the Chechen Republic, which wanted independence. Following the First Chechen War with Russia, Chechnya gained de facto independence, but Russian federal control was restored during the Second Chechen War. Sporadic fighting continues in the mountains and southern regions of the republic. Here you can find an automatic compilation of all DW content referring to Chechnya.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) has substantiated claims that high-level officials have taken part in the humiliation and torture of individuals from Chechnya's gay population. The Russian president has backed a federal probe.
The European Court of Human Rights has ruled that Russian authorities failed to protect the children involved in the 2004 hostage crisis in Beslan in southern Russia. More than 330 people were killed in the attack.