Located in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, Spain's richest region has its own language and a distinctive identity.
Catalonia is an autonomous community. Barcelona is the capital, and the largest city. The support for Catalan nationalism ranges from calls for further autonomy to demands of independence from the rest of Spain. The region has two official languages: Spanish and Catalan, both of which are spoken. In offices and schools, Catalan is the dominant language, while road signs and labels, for instance in museums, are usually bilingual. Approximately 11 million people live in the Catalan language area.
Far-left lawmakers appeared to see a lack of commitment to the pro-independence cause in Jordi Turull. The 51-year-old had called for dialogue with the Spanish government ahead of the vote.
Self-exiled leader Puigdemont has blamed "the enormous irresponsibility of the state" for a political impasse in Catalonia. The Supreme Court has blocked the release of his possible successor, citing repeat offenses.
Martin Glenn was clarifying his position on political symbols when he managed to offend the Jewish Leadership Council. A symbol that features prominently on Israeli soccer kits is "something we don't want," he said.
Thousands have marched in Barcelona calling for Tabarnia, a fictional province in Catalonia, to break away and remain part of Spain. The pro-unity protest was blasted for trivializing the Catalan independence movement.
Exiled independence leader Carles Puigdemont's decision to tap an imprisoned MP to be Catalonia's next president could be the start of new woes for the movement — and for him. DW takes a look at an unclear future.
Lawmakers in the Spanish region of Catalonia have elected a pro-independence speaker as a new regional parliament met for the first time since it was dissolved by Madrid. That’s said to be their first step to return former regional president Carles Puigdemont to power. But he is still in exile in Belgium. Keith Walker speaks with DW’s Madrid correspondent Guy Hedgecoe about Puigdemont’s dilemma.
Brittany, in the north-west of France, has seen a huge rise of enthusiasm for regional Breton culture in recent years. Many show little enthusiasm for the nationalist politics that get so many people fired up in Scotland, the Basque Country or Flanders. But some now believe that independence for Brittany is just a matter of time. This report from John Laurenson in the Breton town of Vannes.