Bulgaria is located in the southeast part of the Balkans. The country borders on the Black Sea, which attracts tourists all year round.
Bulgaria came under the Soviet sphere of influence after WWII, and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist rule ended in 1990, and the country again held multiparty elections, moving toward a political democracy and market economy. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.
Humanitarian aid organizations are ringing alarm bells about the dire conditions in which child refugees live along the former Balkan route. Some 1300 unaccompanied minors face violence, extortion and abuse while traveling through Bulgaria, Macedonia, Serbia and Croatia. We meet with some children staying in an abandoned warehouse in the Serbian capital.