The Brandenburg Gate is one of the most significant landmarks in Berlin, symbolizing German and European history, as well as peace and unity.
The Brandenburg Gate was commissioned by King Frederick William II of Prussia and built from 1788 to 1791 in Neoclassical style. It marked the start of a road from Berlin to the town of Brandenburg an der Havel. A quadriga conceived by the sculptor Johann Gottfried Schadow was added to the ensemble in 1793. This sculpture of a chariot drawn by four horses was driven by Eirene, the Greek goddess of peace. During World War II, the Brandenburg Gate was badly damaged, but remained standing. As it was located in the sector occupied and administered by the Soviet Union, the Soviet flag was flown atop the gate from 1945 until 1957, when it was replaced by an East German flag. When the Berlin Wall came down in 1989 and Germany was reunified shortly thereafter, the gate became a symbol of freedom and unity.
Many visitors to Berlin take guided tours to see attractions like the Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag or remnants of the Berlin Wall. But for those willing to try something a little different, a local NGO has started offering tours by former homeless people. They aim to show tourists another side to the German capital. Correspondent Daniel Pelz reports.
Across Europe famous landmarks are lighting up the night sky in a display of solidarity with the residents in Brussels. The illumination of the Belgian flag in Paris, Berlin and Rome is a display of unity against terror.
Security will be tight this New Year's Eve in Germany. It's most evident in Berlin, where the country's biggest party is due to be held at the Brandenburg Gate. Amid terror threats, officials across Europe are on alert.
Refugees are welcome: That's the message German music stars including Udo Lindenberg want to give in a concert in front of Berlin's Brandenburg Gate one day after the 25th anniversary of German reunification in October.