In talks with his Qatari counterpart, German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle called for an end to the civil unrest and the violent military crackdown.
Egypt's former longtime president, Hosni Mubarak, is to face a second and final retrial over the deaths of protestors. Hundreds were killed during the 2011 uprising which toppled him from power.
As the situation in Egypt remains unstable, fears of a domino-effect are growing. The Islamist government in Tunis is under pressure. Germany says it wants to support democracy in Tunisia with a development partnership.
German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle has called for a return to democracy during a trip to Cairo, but did not directly condemn the coup. Berlin's influence in Egypt remains limited.
A military coup in Egypt, assassinations in Tunisia, civil war in Syria: The Middle East saw heavy power struggles this year. DW reviews key developments in countries still grappling with the effects of the Arab Spring.