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Europe

Background: Europe's Reliance on Russian Energy

Europe is increasingly reliant on Russia to supply its oil and natural gas, giving Moscow immense leverage over those European capitals that use its power most.

Stacks of oil barrels

Europe's dependence on Russian oil and natural gas complicates relations

What follows is a country-by-country breakdown of Russian energy imports provided by the International Energy Agency. The figures represent each country's share of Russian imports in total consumption (percent). They refer to 2006, the latest year available to date.

EU Member Country (Natural Gas / Oil)

Austria (67 / 15)

Belgium (4 / 41)

Britain (0 / 12)

Bulgaria (90 / 87)

Cyprus (? / ?)

Czech Republic (78 / 65)

Denmark (0 / 0)

Estonia (100 / ?)

Finland (100 / 63)

France (16 / 12)

Germany (39 / 32)

Greece (81 / 28)

Hungary (65 / 87)

Ireland (0 / 0)

Italy (27 / 17)

Latvia (100 / 0)

Lithuania (100 / 98)

Luxembourg (0 / ?)

Malta (? / ?)

Netherlands (0 / 30)

Poland (46 / 90)

Portugal (0 / 1)

Romania (31 / 30)

Slovakia (100 / 99)

Slovenia (51 / ?)

Spain (0 / 20)

Sweden (0 / 36)

? = Figures not available

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