The Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp was the main site for the extermination of Jews by the Nazis during the Holocaust. It was liberated on January 27, 1945.
January 27, the day Soviet troops liberated the surviving prisoners at Auschwitz is now commemorated as "International Holocaust Remembrance Day." From 1942 to 1944, Jews, Sinti and Roma, homosexuals and political opponents to the Nazis from all over German-occupied Europe were brought to the camp and its gas chambers. At least 1.1 million prisoners died at Auschwitz, around 90 percent of them Jewish. The museum on the site of Auschwitz I and II is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This is a collection of DW's latest content related to the concentration camp.
A former Nazi death camp guard's bid to suspend his sentence has been rejected by Germany's Constitutional Court. The 96-year-old will soon start his four-year prison term for his role in the murders of 300,000 people.
Seventy-five years ago, Heinrich Himmler instructed German police to bring "all gypsy mixed-bloods, Roma Gypsies and […] members of gypsy clans" to Auschwitz. The genocide of the Roma people was long ignored in Germany.
A German court has rejected an appeal by an ex-Auschwitz guard against serving his prison term. The 96-year-old, known as "Auschwitz's bookkeeper," was convicted in 2015 as an accessory to the murders of 300,000 people.