Two millennia ago, the Romans established a settlement where the Wertach River flows into the Lech. In the Middle Ages, it went on to become one of the richest and most powerful German cities: Augsburg.
The Augsburg Cathedral is one of the city's landmarks
Even today, there is plenty in Augsburg to remind visitors of its medieval past. The Maximilianstrasse is the city's showpiece boulevard, lined by the former town palaces of wealthy merchants and an impressive town hall.
Among Augsburg's most famous sites is one of the world’s oldest public housing developments - the Fuggerei. Founded in 1521 by banker Jakob Fugger, the apartments it contains are today still being let out to the needy for an annual rent of 88 cents a year. Visitors can view a model apartment.
Augsburg played a leading role in the development of the textile industry in the 19th century. The old worsted yarn spinning mill, the Kammgarnspinnerei, is a masterpiece of industrial architecture. Today, it’s home to a textile museum, which contains a large selection of fabric samples and many exhibits of fashion design.
Another legendary institution in Augsburg is the Puppenkiste. Marionettes at the puppet theater have been entertaining the city's children for generations. Another dramatic great, Bertolt Brecht, was born in Augsburg in 1898. The house where he was born is a museum today.
Click on the video below to join local goldsmith Sabrina Bartel on a tour of her city. She recommends visiting the Oblatter Wall, which is part of the old city wall; the Augsburg legend, the man of stone or Steinerner Mann; and a café where you can go barefoot.
Editor: Kate Bowen