"Apartheid" is an Afrikaans word, translating as "separateness", or "the state of being apart." It refers to the system of institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa between 1948 and 1991.
Starting in 1948 South Africa introduced legislation ordering segregation of public facilities and social events, affecting employment, housing and land apportionment, enforcing black South Africans from other races an d securitng minority rule by white South Africans. It was the target of frequent condemnation in the United Nations, and brought about an extensive arms and trade embargo on South Africa. In 1990, prominent ANC leaders such as Nelson Mandela were released from detention and the system was changed. Here you can find an automatic compilation of all DW content related to apartheid.
In South Africa, almost 25 years after the end of apartheid, most commercial farmland is still owned by white farmers. The governing ANC party has recently adopted a radical policy of land expropriation without compensation to fast track the country's land reform program. It even wants to change the country's constitution accordingly. Why is this happening now?
During the Apartheid era, the black majority in South Africa was barred from owning land in most parts of the country. Today, more than two decades after the end of Apartheid, the country is still struggling to provide black citizens with land, with consequences on agricultural productivity. But there are exceptions to the rule - Tony Andrews investigates.
Apartheid, the period of racial segregation in South Africa, was underpinned by the belief in a notion of racial purity and that humanity can be carved up into four distinct racial categories: White, Black, Asian and Colored. The latter was a category invented for people of mixed racial heritage. Ulla Dentlinger jumped the color line and went from being considered colored to being seen as white.