"Apartheid" is an Afrikaans word, translating as "separateness", or "the state of being apart." It refers to the system of institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa between 1948 and 1991.
Starting in 1948 South Africa introduced legislation ordering segregation of public facilities and social events, affecting employment, housing and land apportionment, enforcing black South Africans from other races an d securitng minority rule by white South Africans. It was the target of frequent condemnation in the United Nations, and brought about an extensive arms and trade embargo on South Africa. In 1990, prominent ANC leaders such as Nelson Mandela were released from detention and the system was changed. Here you can find an automatic compilation of all DW content related to apartheid.
During the Apartheid era, the black majority in South Africa was barred from owning land in most parts of the country. Today, more than two decades after the end of Apartheid, the country is still struggling to provide black citizens with land, with consequences on agricultural productivity. But there are exceptions to the rule - Tony Andrews investigates.
Apartheid, the period of racial segregation in South Africa, was underpinned by the belief in a notion of racial purity and that humanity can be carved up into four distinct racial categories: White, Black, Asian and Colored. The latter was a category invented for people of mixed racial heritage. Ulla Dentlinger jumped the color line and went from being considered colored to being seen as white.
White colonists and later the white ruling class used to skim the riches of South Africa. Black townships became symbols for resistance and poverty. Since he end of apartheid, government policies gave priority in getting jobs and receiving benefits to non-whites. Still more than 11 millon non-white people live in poverty, but there are also thousands of white families living in the slums now.
In a speech Monday, left-wing politician Julius Malema called on country’s black population to “occupy the land” owned by whites. His defiant appeal comes as he faces charges for breaking an apartheid-era anti-riot law.
South Africa's ruling African National Congress party has lost local elections, losing ground to the opposition Democratic Alliance. The results could be a harbinger of seismic political change in the post-apartheid era.