We discuss the issue with Ferdinand Fichtner from the DIW, the German Institute for Economic Research, in Berlin.
Chancellor Merkel has said trade accounting methods are outdated and need revision. Done differently, figures show the US had a $14 billion surplus rather than $153 billion deficit with the European Union in 2017.
The US president has continued his verbal attacks on some of his country's closest allies following a divisive G7 meeting. Germany came in for its share of lambasting over its NATO contributions.
US President Donald Trump has taken actions to redress what he says are unfair trading relationships with Europe, China, Canada and Mexico. DW takes a look at what he has done and how those affected have responded.
German Chancellor Merkel and Chinese President Xi may strive to champion global free commerce and present a united front against US President Trump's protectionism. But all is not well between the two trade partners.
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