AIDS stands for "Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome," which is what happens when a person's immune system is destroyed by the HIV virus.
According to the United Nations, more than 37 million people are living with the HIV virus, which causes AIDS. More than two-thirds of them are in sub-Saharan Africa. More than 36 million have died of AIDS related complications.
The Ugandan government wants to encourage young people to abstain from sex until they get married. The government says abstinence will help avoid sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS. But despite all these efforts, young people are ignoring the messages as Frank Yiga found out in this report.
How Brazil's black Quilombo communities try to counter racial discrimination / Why Bolivia plans to exploit its extensive Lithium resources / The threat of HIV/ AIDS in China's Yunnan province / How people in Kenya use and abuse the belief in witchcraft.
In China, more than a quarter of new HIV infections affect people in Yunnan province in the southern part of the country. Yunnan is close to the so-called Golden Triangle, it’s a region on the Mekong river that borders on Thailand, Laos and China - and is notorious for drug trafficking. HIV/AIDS is a major threat.
Fighting HIV means fighting stigma — we meet some young people in Uganda living with the virus doing just that. And, forget "Bend it like Beckham" — a group of girls and young women in Kenya are using football to become empowered. All that and more on this jam-packed edition of Pulse with host Jessie Wingard.
HIV/AIDS remains one of the world's most significant public health challenges. Africa accounts for almost two-thirds of all new infections. Stigma and discrimination remain barriers to having a HIV-free generation. To commemorate World AIDS day, Frank Yiga went to meet some young people living with HIV in Uganda.