Afghanistan is one of the world's poorest countries, wrecked by decades of conflict which led to the rise of the Islamist fundamentalist movement, the Taliban.
Despite the fall of the Taliban after the US-led invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, the security situation remains tense as extremists continue to stage regular attacks.
A 17-year-old refugee from Afghanistan was charged with the rape and murder of a medical student in Freiburg, a quaint university city in southern Germany. The case has reignited the sensitive debate about refugees in Germany and brought back discussions about the purported threat posed to women by young male refugees from predominantly Muslim countries.
Afghanistan has seen much of war and violence than increasing job opportunities for youths. Many have been searching for better life elsewhere, leading to a skyrocketing of illegal immigration. Mudassar Shah meets some youngsters in Jalalabad on their way to Germany.